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DNRC Headquarters
1539 Eleventh Ave. Helena, MT 59601
Phone: (406) 444-2074 | Fax: (406) 444-2684
Questions? Email us

Seedling Uses and Selection


Greenhouse

Montana Conservation Seedling Nursery (MCSN) seedlings are strictly for conservation practices and cannot be used for ornamental or landscape plantings.  The different types of conservation practices approved for MCSN seedlings are described below.


Farmstead Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Windbreaks and shelterbelts are a planting of trees and shrubs perpendicular to prevailing winds.  They are used to protect livestock, crops and structures from strong winds, drifting snow and erosion.  Best results are achieved from a minimum of three rows.  Windbreaks also provide wildlife habitat and erosion control.

Suitable hardwood tree species:

  • Amur Maple
  • Arnold Hawthorn
  • Black Cherry
  • Black Hawthorn
  • Bur Oak
  • Common Hackberry
  • Cottonwoods
  • Green Ash
  • Prairie Sky Poplar
  • Siberian Elm

Suitable conifer tree species:

  • Austrian Pine
  • Black Hills Spruce
  • Blue Spruce
  • Douglas Fir
  • Limber Pine
  • Ponderosa Pine
  • Rocky Mountain Juniper
  • Scotch Pine

Suitable shrub species:

  • American Plum
  • Blue-leaf Honeysuckle
  • Caragana
  • Chokecherry
  • Common Lilac
  • Cotoneaster
  • Golden Currant
  • Nanking Cherry
  • Serviceberry
  • Silverberry
  • Silver Buffaloberry
  • Skunk Sumac


Reforestation

Reforestation is the reestablishment of forest cover by planting trees and shrubs suitable to the area, while attempting to maintain the same forest type.  Reforestation is typically done after a wildfire or thinning.

Suitable species:

  • Austrian Pine
  • Douglas Fir
  • Engelmann Spruce
  • Limber Pine
  • Lodgepole Pine
  • Ponderosa Pine
  • Rocky Mountain Juniper
  • Scotch Pine
  • Western Larch
  • Western White Pine


Erosion Control

Erosion control planting is a planting of trees and shrubs intended to prevent or reduce wind or water erosion by stabilizing soil with roots.  It may also serve as a windbreak or shelterbelt.

Suitable species:

  • Silverberry
  • Silver Sage
  • Western Snowberry
  • Woods Rose

Suitable species for moist areas:

  • Panicled Bulrush
  • Sandbar Willow
  • Water Sedge



Living Snow Fences

The living snow fence is similar in design and function to a windbreak or shelterbelt, but with the specific intention of reducing drifting snow along roads or driveways.

Suitable species:

Species similar to windbreak and shelterbelt species.


Stream Bank Stabilization and Riparian

Stream bank and riparian plantings consist of a combination of grasses, trees and shrubs used to slow water flow, reduce downstream flooding and hold stream bank soil during flooding.  Riparian plantings are also beneficial for wildlife.

Suitable species:

  • Aspen
  • Grasses
  • Red-osier Dogwood
  • Thin-leaf Alder
  • Water Birch
  • Willows



Wildlife Habitat

Planting for wildlife includes a mix of trees and fruit-bearing shrubs that provide food, shelter and cover for a variety of wildlife species.

Suitable species for food:

  • American Plum
  • Amur Maple
  • Arnold Hawthorn
  • Aspen
  • Basin Wildrye
  • Black Cherry
  • Black Hawthorn
  • Black Hills Spruce
  • Bluebunch Wheatgrass
  • Blue-leaf Honeysuckle
  • Bur Oak
  • Chokecherry
  • Common Hackberry
  • Cotoneaster
  • Cottonwoods
  • Douglas Fir
  • Engelmann Spruce
  • Golden Currant
  • Green Ash
  • Limber Pine
  • Lodgepole Pine
  • Midwest Siberian Crabapple
  • Nanking Cherry
  • Ponderosa Pine
  • Prairie Sky Poplar
  • Red-osier Dogwood
  • Rocky Mountain Juniper
  • Sand Cherry Serviceberry
  • Silverberry
  • Silver Buffaloberry
  • Silver Sage
  • Skunk Sumac
  • Thin-leaf Alder
  • Water Birch
  • Western Larch
  • Western Snowberry
  • Western White Pine
  • Willows
  • Wood Rose

Suitable species for nesting and cover (same as above with the following additions):

  • Austrian Pine
  • Blue Spruce
  • Caragana
  • Common Lilac
  • Scotch Pine
  • Western Redcedar
Contact

CONSERVATION SEEDLING NURSERY
2705 Spurgin Road
Missoula, MT 59804
406-542-4244
email: mtnursery@mt.gov