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DNRC Headquarters
1539 Eleventh Ave. Helena, MT 59601
Phone: (406) 444-2074 | Fax: (406) 444-2684
Questions? Email us

Shrubs


See the current Inventory & Price List for seedling sources and availability.

Further seed source info and scientific names are available by contacting the nursery.

Average Seedling Height By Age: 1 year old

10-16"

2 years old 12-22"
3 years old 16-26"

Many of our species are produced from MITOSIS seed. MITOSIS is the Montana Interagency Tree and Shrub Improvement Study. The study was a cooperative effort to evaluate the performance of various species of plants in established Montana plantings. The selected plantings were evaluated for over ten years and the best performing plants were selected for seed orchard establishment at the nursery.

We use this seed source whenever possible. These selections perform well in many of Eastern Montana's variable and harsh climates. Although these plants have not been tested in every environment, MITOSIS selections are some of the best plant materials available for use in Montana. The selections are proven to survive in Montana because they were evaluated in Montana not other Northern Great Plains states.


CN_Shrubs_buffaloberry.jpg
Buffaloberry, Silver
Sheperdia argentea
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 10' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Excellent
Elevation Range Up to 5,500' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Excellent nesting, food and cover for birds and browse for big game. Pests None significant.
Comments Native, commonly found in coulees and sloughs with light soils. Thorny and suckers freely form thickets. Fruit makes excellent jelly.

CN_Shrubs_caragana.jpg
Caragana
Caragana arborescens
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 12' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 7,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Excellent nesting cover. Minor food source. Rarely browsed. Pests None significant
Comments Most widely planted windbreak shrub in the northern plains. Adapted to all areas of Montana due to drought and cold hardiness.

CN_Shrubs_nankingcherry.jpg
Cherry, Nanking
Prunus tomentosa
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Moderate
20-Year Height 6' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 20+ years
Windbreak Spacing 3-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Fruit consumed by most birds, excellent browse. Pests Tent caterpillar, tent spot.
Comments Small shrub, which performs well as an exterior row of a shelterbelt. Flowers 2-3 years after planting. Fruit is edible and sweet.

CN_Shrubs_sandcherryflower.jpg
Cherry, Sand
Prunus besseyi
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Moderate
20-Year Height 3' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 10-15 years
Windbreak Spacing 2-4' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Good loafing cover, food source, and browse. Pests Tent caterpillars, black knot.
Comments Small, short-lived shrub with large edible fruit.

CN_Shrubs_chokecherry.jpg
Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 12' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Fruit is prime food source for small mammals and birds. Browsed by deer. Pests Black knot, tent caterpillars, X-disease.
Comments Suckers readily form dense rows. Fruit makes good jam. Common native shrub.

CN_Shrubs_schubertchokecherryleaves.jpg
Chokecherry, Canada Red
Prunus virginiana var. schubert
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 12' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Fruit is prime food source for small mammals and birds. Browsed by deer. Pests Black knot, tent caterpillars, X-disease.
Comments The leaves on 70 to 80% of the plants turn deep purple in summer. Suckers readily form dense rows.

CN_Shrubs_CentennialCotoneaster.jpg
Cotoneaster, Centennial
Cotoneaster integerrima
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 10' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range UP to 7,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Nesting, cover and food source for birds. Poor browse plant. Pests Fire blight resistant.
Comments Bright red fruit remains on plant into winter. A large hardy attractive shrub.

CN_Shrubs_goldencurrent.jpg
Currant, Golden
Ribes aureum
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 6' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 25+ years
Windbreak Spacing 3-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Good cover for upland game birds. Fruit eaten by most birds. Browsed by big game. Pests White pine blister rust alternate host. Currant worm, anthracnose.
Comments Attractive, cold and drought hardy plant, which has performed well in eastern Montana. Showy fall color, berries make excellent jelly.

CN_Shrubs_RedOssierDogwood.jpg
Dogwood, Red-Osier
Cornus sericea
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 8' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 18"
Wildlife Value Excellent for bird nesting and cover. Good browse. Pests Oyster shell scale.
Comments Will not survive dryland plantings. Use with irrigation or plant along water courses. Excellent for erosion controls. Bark color is deep red.

CN_Shrubs_blueleafhoneysuckle.jpg
Honeysuckle, Blue-leaf
Lonicera korolkowii
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 8' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Excellent nesting cover and food source for all song and ground birds. Pests Aphids and witches broom.
Comments Resistant to honeysuckle witches-broom. Fruit readily consumed by most birds. Pink flowers in the spring. Requires little care once established.

CN_Shrubs_LateLilac.jpg
Lilac, Common
Syringa vulgaris
Growth Rate Moderate-slow Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 8' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range Up to 7,000' Life Span 50+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Cover and nesting for song birds. Pests None significant.
Comments Develops numerous suckers to form dense rows. Very hardy and long-lived.

CN_Shrubs_AmericanPlum.jpg
Plum, American
Prunus americana
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 10' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 13"
Wildlife Value Excellent nesting and ground cover. Large fruit is an excellent wildlife food. Pests Powdery mildew, fire blight, none major.
Comments Thorny and suckers readily form dense thickets. Fruit is edible. Native to central eastern Montana.

CN_Shrubs_woodsrose.jpg
Rose, Woods
Rosa woodsii
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 5' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range Up to 7,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 3-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Excellent food, and nesting and denning cover plant for all small wildlife. Pests Powdery mildew.
Comments Aggressive spreader on moist sites. Dense, thorny thickets provide protection for all forms of small wildlife. Excellent for erosion control.

CN_Shrubs_silversagebrush.jpg
Sagebrush, Silver
Artemisia cana
Growth Rate Slow Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 2' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Important winter range browse plant. Pests None significant.
Comments Native sagebrush, generally found on benches and valley bottoms.

CN_Shrubs_serviceberry.jpg
Serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 14" Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range Up to 6,500' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Fruit is preferred by birds, small mammals and bears. Browsed by deer and elk. Pests Heat rusts, mildew, aphids.
Comments Also known as June berry. One of the best wildlife plants. Drought tolerant once established. Berries are used commercially for jam production.

CN_Shrubs_silverberry.jpg
Silverberry
Elaeangus commutata
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 6' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Provides good cover for game birds and deer. Important deer browse. Pests Rabbits, branch cankers.
Comments Native shrub, which forms dense thickets in coulees and sloughs of eastern Montana. Excellent for erosion control.

CN_Shrubs_SnowberryCommon.jpg
Snowberry, Western
Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 4' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range Up to 7,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4 to 6' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Fruit and stems provide food to game and song birds and deer browse. Pests None significant.
Comments Common native shrub, which persists exceptionally well through drought, fire and heavy grazing. Excellent for erosion control due to suckering.

CN_Shrubs_skunkbrush.jpg
Sumac, Skunk
Rhus trilobata
Growth Rate Slow Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 8' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-6' Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Food and cover for birds and small animals, especially sharp-tailed grouse. Pests None significant.
Comments Prefers sandy, well-drained soils and is very drought tolerant once established.

Willow, Bebb
Salix bebbiana
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 5-13' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range 3,500-6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value High for stream restoration Pests Ungulate browse
Comments A tall native willow found throughout western and central Montana. Found on wet sites but does not tolerate prolonged flooding.

CN_Shrubs_boothwillow.jpg
Willow, Booth
Salix boothii
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 15' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range 4,000-7,500' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value Good for shading streams, browsed by big game. Pests Aphids, leaf miners, stem rot.
Comments Common native willow often associated with Drummond and Geyer willow. Plant only in riparian sites.

CN_Shrubs_drummondwillowleaves.jpg
Willow, Drummond
Salix drummondiana
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 15' Alkali/Saline Soil Toverance Poor
Elevation Range 4,000-7,500' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value Fish habitat and browse. Pests Aphids, stem rots.
Comments Common native willow found on stream banks and flood plains. Does poorly in bogs. Use for stream restoration and erosion control.

Willow, Geyer
Salix geyeriana
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 4 - 10' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range 4,000-8,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value High for stream restoration. Pests Ungulate browse.
Comments A common native willow found at mid to high elevations in Montana. Found on many moist sites. Tolerates shade well.

CN_Catalog_NoImage.jpg
Willow, Plainleaf
Salix planifolia
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 4 - 12' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range 4,000-7,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value High for stream restoration. Pests Ungulate browse.
Comments Medium to large native shrub found at mid to high elevations in western and south central Montana. Found on stream banks, meadows and moist hillsides.

CN_Shrubs_SandbarWillow.jpg
Willow, Sandbar
Salix exigua
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 10' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value Excellent for streambank stabilization and bird cover. Pests None significant
Comments Most widespread native shrub willow. Found throughout the entire state. Suckers from roots to form colonies, not clumps. Excellent for erosion control and revegetation of wet sites.

CN_Catalog_NoImage.jpg
Willow, Yellow
Salix lutea
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 12' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Low
Elevation Range Up to 5,500' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. Riparian
Wildlife Value High for riparian habitat restoration. Pests Aphids, stem rot.
Comments Usually found at low to mid-elevations directly adjacent to streams. Use for stream stabilization and fisheries habitat.
Contact

CONSERVATION SEEDLING NURSERY
2705 Spurgin Road
Missoula, MT 59804
406-542-4244
email: mtnursery@mt.gov