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DNRC Headquarters
1539 Eleventh Ave. Helena, MT 59601
Phone: (406) 444-2074 | Fax: (406) 444-2684
Questions? Email us

Deciduous


See the current Inventory & Price List for seedling sources and availability.

Further seed source info and scientific names are available by contacting the nursery.

Average Seedling Height By Age: 1 year old

10-16"

2 years old 12-22"
3 years old 16-26"

Many of our species are produced from MITOSIS seed. MITOSIS is the Montana Interagency Tree and Shrub Improvement Study. The study was a cooperative effort to evaluate the performance of various species of plants in established Montana plantings. The selected plantings were evaluated for over ten years and the best performing plants were selected for seed orchard establishment at the nursery.

We use this seed source whenever possible. These selections perform well in many of Eastern Montana's variable and harsh climates. Although these plants have not been tested in every environment, MITOSIS selections are some of the best plant materials available for use in Montana. The selections are proven to survive in Montana because they were evaluated in Montana not other Northern Great Plains states.


CN_Deciduous_thinleafalder.jpg Alder, Thinleaf
Alnus incana
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 20' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30 years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. 20"
Wildlife Value Pests
Comments Small riparian tree.

CN_Deciduous_greenash.jpg Ash, Green
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 18' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-12' Minimum Annual Precip. 10"
Wildlife Value Good bird nesting cover and browse. Pests Ash borer.
Comments MITOSIS selection from seven superior windbreaks in eastern Montana. Superior to "Cardan" green. Ask for Montana.

CN_Deciduous_aspen2.jpg Aspen
Populus tremuloides
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 30' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range Up to 8,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. 15"
Wildlife Value Valuable browse for big game. Pests Stem rots, poplar borer, leaf spot, tent caterpillar.
Comments Forms thickets from root suckers. Showy fall color. Does best at mid to high elevations.

CN_Deciduous_waterbirchleaves.jpg Birch, Water
Betula occidentalis
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 20' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Moderate
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-10' Minimum Annual Precip. 16"
Wildlife Value Good nesting cover and shade tree for streamside plantings. Pests None significant.
Comments Bronze to deep red bark is very attractive. Common native tree in Western MT, riparian areas.

CN_Deciduous_blackcherry.jpg Cherry, Black
Prunus serotina
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Fair
20-Year Height 30' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Poor
Elevation Range Up to 4,500' Life Span 50+ years
Windbreak Spacing 6-12' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Fruit provides excellent food for birds and mammals. Pests None Significant
Comments Leaves not palatable to grasshoppers. Nice ovoid crown shape.

CN_Deciduous_BlackCottonwood.jpg Cottonwood, Black
Populus trichocarpa
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 30 Ft Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,500' Life Span 25+ years
Windbreak Spacing N/A Minimum Annual Precip. 16"
Wildlife Value Important riparian species for all forms of wildlife. Pests Cottonwood borer, aphids, stem rots, leaf rusts.
Comments Native to western and central Montana. Generally not found east of Helena, MT.

CN_Deciduous_DanielsCottonwood.jpg Cottonwood, Daniels
Populus deltoides
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 35'+ Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 4,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-15' Minimum Annual Precip. 15"
Wildlife Value Important nesting cover for birds and cavity nesters, browsed by big game. Pests Cottonwood borer, stem rots, aphids.
Comments A cottonless selection of plains cottonwood. Collected on gravel benches in Daniels county Montana.

CN_Deciduous_CottonwoodNarrowleaf.jpg Cottonwood, Narrowleaf
Populus angustifolia
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness Good
20-Year Height 35'+ Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 25+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-12' Minimum Annual Precip. 15"
Wildlife Value Provides nesting cover for birds. Pests Leaf rusts, stem rot, wetwood, aphids.
Comments Native to western and central Montana. Very similar in appearance to black cottonwood. Usually found in narrow canyons.

CN_Deciduous_PlainsCottWeb.jpg Cottonwood, Plains
Populus deltoides
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 35'+ Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 4,000' Life Span 25+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-12' Minimum Annual Precip. 15"
Wildlife Value Important nesting cover for birds and cavity nesters, browsed by big game. Pests Cottonwood borer, stem rots, aphids.
Comments A native collection from the Musselshell River near Roundup, MT,. Requires a moist site or plenty or irrigation.

CN_Deciduous_MWCrabapple.jpg Crabapple, Siberian "Midwest"
Malus baccata var. mandshurica
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 15' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 6-10' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Fruit is excellent food source for most birds and small mammals. Pests None significant.
Comments Densely branched, oval shaped small tree, which is very cold hardy and disease resistant. Fruit remains on trees into winter providing a winter food source for wildlife.

CN_Deciduous_siberianelmDNRC.jpg Elm, Siberian
Ulmus pumila
Growth Rate Rapid Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 25' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range up to 8000' Life Span
Windbreak Spacing 8-15' Minimum Annual Precip. 11"
Wildlife Value Fair nesting for birds Pests Elmleaf beetle
Comments Hardiest of all elms, medium value for song and game birds.

CN_Deciduous_hackberry.jpg Hackberry, Common
Celtis occidentalis
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Moderate
20-Year Height 35'+ Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 4,000' Life Span 25+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-12' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Provides nesting cover for birds. Pests None
Comments Very hardy tree once established but susceptible to frosts when young. Virtually pest free, low maintenance large tree.

CN_Deciduous_Hawthorn.jpg Hawthorn, Arnold "Homestead"
Crataegus arnoldiana
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Good
20-Year Height 16' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,500' Life Span 40+ years
Windbreak Spacing 6-10' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Excellent cover and food source for song birds. Pests Cedar apple rust, fire blight, aphids; none severe.
Comments Vigorous, dense small tree. Excellent for wildlife and windbreaks. Adapts to heavy soils. Excellent escape cover due to large, stout thorns. Fruit turns bright red when ripe.

CN_Deciduous_Hawthorn.jpg Hawthorn, Black
Crataegus douglasii
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Good
20-Year Height 16' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 6-10' Minimum Annual Precip. 15"
Wildlife Value Fruit provides excellent food for birds and mammals. Pests Leaf rusts.
Comments Native bottomland hawthorn. Thorny tree that provides excellent wildlife food and cover.

CN_Catalog_NoImage.jpg Maple, Amur
Acer ginnala
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness Good
20-Year Height 15' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 4-8' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Provides cover for birds. Browsed by deer. Pests Subject to damage by rabbits.
Comments Brilliant fall color, adapts well to all but heavy or alkaline soils. Virtually pest free.

CN_Deciduous_BurOak.jpg Oak, Bur
Quercus macrocarpa
Growth Rate Moderate Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 15' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Good
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 80+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-14' Minimum Annual Precip. 12"
Wildlife Value Acorns provide mast for deer and food for numerous birds and small mammals. Pests Anthracnose
Comments Long-lived, very hardy tree, which is very drought tolerant once established. Under used windbreak or wildlife tree.

CN_Deciduous_PoplarPrairieSky.jpg Poplar, Prairie Sky
Populus spp.
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness High
20-Year Height 30' - 45' Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 6,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-10' Minimum Annual Precip. 14"
Wildlife Value Provides winter thermal cover. Pests Minor, stem rots
Comments Cottonless, drought and cold tolerant. Narrow upright form similar to a wide Lombardi Poplar. Excellent, rapid growing poplar for windbreaks.

CN_Deciduous_goldenwillow.jpg Willow, Golden
Salix alba var. vitellina
Growth Rate Fast Cold Hardiness Moderate
20-Year Height 30'+ Alkali/Saline Soil Tolerance Fair
Elevation Range Up to 5,000' Life Span 30+ years
Windbreak Spacing 8-15' Minimum Annual Precip. 14"
Wildlife Value Fair browse. Provides nesting cover for birds. Pests Stem rots, aphids, wetwood.
Comments Large, fast-growing, semi-weeping willow. Usually requires irrigation. Young bark is bright yellow.
Contact

CONSERVATION SEEDLING NURSERY
2705 Spurgin Road
Missoula, MT 59804
406-542-4244
email: mtnursery@mt.gov